IL CASTELLO DI ATLANTE
Aldo Bergamini (guitar, keyboards, vocals)
Massimo Di Lauro (violin, keyboards)
Giampiero Marchiori (flute)
Dino Fiore (bass)
Paolo Ferrarotti (drums, vocals)
Marchiori replaced by
Roberto Giordano (keyboards, vocals)
Fiore replaced by
Franco Fava (bass)
Fava replaced again by
Dino Fiore (bass)
Like so many groups from the 70's, Il Castello di Atlante never had the chance to release anything at the time. But they never gave up playing together and, like Consorzio Acqua Potabile, released their first album in the 90's, with a line-up that included mostly original members.
The group was formed in late 1974 as Hydra with Giorgio
Lobascio on guitar, and took its current name in 1975 (though their first
concert was under the name Stato d'Allarme) after a stable line-up with the
entrance of Aldo Bergamini as lead singer and guitarist, having a good live
activity in their local area of Vercelli. A promo cassette, La guerra dei
topi, was recorded in the early years.
The original five-piece survived until 1982, helped by guest members from time to time, like keyboardist Vittorio Pallavicini and guitarist David Rampone.
In 1982 flutist Marchiori left the group, following them as live engineer, and the four remaining members recorded a second demo tape, Semplice... ma non troppo, and a single that was privately released in February 1983, by the time newcomer Roberto Giordano on keyboards had been added.
The band kept playing on a low level, during the 80's,
third tape Passo di danza was produced in 1986, but it
was the basic trio of Bergamini, Fiore and Ferrarotti that kept the name alive
due to the work commitments of the others. The official renaissance of Il
Castello di Atlante came in the early 90's, and thanks to the interest of the
Vinyl Magic label and Arti & Mestieri keyboardist
Beppe Crovella, they could finally release their debut album, Sono io il
signore delle terre a nord.
Still keeping a typical Italian symphonic prog sound, yet with a 90's feel, the album was very well reviewed and became a starting point for the revived group. While the opening Tirando le somme can be similar to some neo-prog bands of the 80's, some tracks like La foresta dietro il mulino di Johan or Estate are much closer to the big names of the Italian prog, the group having a distinctive element in the leading role of the violin that adds a folk touch to their style.
A second album in 1994, Passo dopo passo was a compilation of old recordings, both studio and live, and on a lower level than its predecessor. This also contained live tracks from the 70's, but the cover didn't mention any recording details. Third album L'ippogrifo, in the same year, repeated the formula of their debut CD, though some reviewers considered it to be a bit too melodic.
Other albums at the beginning of the new decade: in 2001 the very nice Come il seguitare delle stagioni, that was their first to have a vinyl release, and in 2004 Quintessenza, both showing a high level of composition as well as some usual similarities with legendary 70's groups like PFM or Quella Vecchia Locanda, though the group has always had a good personality and a rather original sound.
Among their latest releases a live CD+DVD set issued in 2014 by the Mexican label Azafran Media and in 2019 a remake of the debut album, newly played and with an extra track.
|Come il seguitare delle stagioni||Electromantic (ARTLP 2002)||2001||single cover with inner - contains a track less than the CD version|
|Sono io il signore delle terre a nord||Vinyl Magic (VM NP 003)||1992|
|Passo dopo passo||Vinyl Magic (VM 045)||1994||1976-84 live and studio recordings|
|L'ippogrifo||Vinyl Magic (VM NP 013)||1994||digipack multi-fold cover|
|Come il seguitare delle stagioni||Electromantic (ART 402)||2001||mini-gatefold cover - also on vinyl|
|Quintessenza||Electromantic (ART 112)||2004|
|Concerto acustico||Electromantic (ART 417)||2006||unplugged live recording from the 2006 Novara Art Rock Acustico|
|Tra le antiche mura||Electromantic (ART 504)||2008|
|Cap.8 - Live||Azafran Media (AP 1419) – Mexico||2014||CD+DVD – digipack cover|
|Arx atlantis||Aenima Recordings (AE 2017)||2016||digipack cover|
|Siamo noi i signori delle terre a nord||Aenima Recordings (AE 2035)||2018||digipack cover - remake of the first album with an extra track|
VARIOUS ARTISTS COMPILATIONS
|A taste of New Prog 90
(with La foresta dietro il mulino di Johan)
|Vinyl Magic (PRM 01)||1993||picture cover promo 7" single with excerpts of album tracks, also includes Calliope, Syndone, Romantic Warriors, Alluminogeni, Unix - distributed with Melodie e Dissonanze magazine|
|The return of Italian pop
(with Il pozzo and Pioggia)
|Vinyl Magic (VM 201)||1996||CD sampler included in The return of Italian pop book - also includes Romantic Warriors, Calliope, Syndone, Secret Cinema, Alluminogeni, Tower, Mosaic, Circle of Fairies, Next, Empire|
(with Ilmarinen forges the Sampo)
|Musea (FGBG 4463.AR) - France||2003||3-CD box based on finnish national epic of the same name - the track is also included on the Quintessenza CD|
|Inferno - The Divine Comedy part I
|Musea (FGBG 4753.AR) - France||2008||4CD - also includes tracks by Nuova Era, Lady Lake, Greenwall, Colossus Project, Court, Wicked Minds, Consorzio Acqua Potabile, Sinkadus, Notabene, Corte Aulica and others|
|Tirando le somme
Semplice ma non troppo
|Private pressing (1956)||1983|
All the Castello di Atlante CD's are currently in stock and easily available. The vinyl version of Come il seguitare delle stagioni has been released in a limited issue and will probably become rare.
|Sono io il signore delle terre a nord - CD|
|Passo dopo passo - CD|
|L'ippogrifo - CD|
|Come il seguitare delle stagioni - CD|
|Quintessenza - CD|
|Tirando le somme - 7" single|
An interview with drummer Paolo Ferrarotti made by Augusto Croce in January 2004
1 - How was the band formed? Did you have any previous experience?
In the summer of 1974 Dino Fiore, who was then 19, and I (18 years old), decided to form a new band. I
had previously played for around two years in a trio, playing covers of Nice and
ELP and also doing original material. Dino had just left his band, with which he
had played for 3 years just doing original songs.
In the beginning we didnít really know what to do, we just wanted to find other people to play with.
We just knew Massimo Di Lauro, and we knew he played violin, but we didnít even know where he lived. So we found him after a few weeks and he accepted to join us. He was a trained violinist at the School of Music of Vercelli, and he was still in the School Orchestra, of course playing symphonic music.
Another friend of ours, Giampiero Marchiori, was a flute player, but not as a stable member of any band, just collaborating with some of them. The last one, in February 1975, was Aldo Bergamini with his guitar, he had just left a cover band with which he had played for the last five years.
Apart from Massimo we were all friends since many years, so we were a group of friends before being a musical group.
Some years later Giampiero left the group, and, in late 1982 we found Roberto Giordano, that had a long experience as a pianist and had been in a progressive band playing original material.
2 - Have you ever split or has the band always been active?
Il Castello di Atlante has always stayed alive!
Of course in his 30 years life there have been some line-up changes, there was a
time when we were 7, and another, between 1985 and 1990, when there were just
three of us left, me with Aldo and Dino.
Then, at the beginning of 1991, Massimo and Roberto came back and in 2001 Dino left the group and was replaced by Franco.
But the most important thing is that weíve always been in touch during these long years, and we never gave up transforming our emotions and experiences into music. This means that our friendship, on which the existence of the group is based, our sensibility, our personal way of seeing the life, have never disappeared. Il Castello di Atlante is a part of our lives!
3 - How was your concert activity during the 70ís?
In the past years we made lots of concerts in
Italy, especially between 1978 and 1983. Unfortunately we never had the chance
of making records, and this had a negative impact on our live activity that
never went beyond the amateurish level.
To be honest, our approach to the concert was absolutely professional, everything was deeply rehearsed and studied, including what to say between the single tracks and the final introduction. Moreover we had until 1980 Giampiero Marchiori and his theatrical verve. GP was much into the visual aspect of music, he was always disguised on stage and often invented unusual stage backgrounds to increase the effect of our music.
When GP left us, we had to find something else than the common light show. So we began using slide shows, and I must say the overall result with the music was really nice. We often mixed a loud track, with a floodlit stage, with a solo piano part with a dark slide, a good effect.
4 - Why didnít you record anything during the 70ís?
I have to admit that our sound was not as mature as it was in later years, and maybe we werenít mature as well. Anyway in 1977 and 1978 we got in touch with two record companies, but Cramps thought we were not politically committed enough, and RCA said our music was not enough commercial. Both asked us to revise our arrangements and the lyrics, of course we refused! We were so proud that we never thought of changing anything. Our record had to be our music played by ourselves, and nothing else. So nothing happened.
5 - And your relations with other Italian and foreign artists?
We just happened to know some members of important groups, but in a very superficial way. Among them Patrizio Fariselli from Area and Beppe Crovella (before he became our producer) of Arti & Mestieri. In 1981 we were friends for a little time with Banco, especially Rodolfo Maltese. But I wouldnít say there were real relations with them.
6 - Which were your musical influences at the time?
When we formed the group in 1974 we were in the
best season of progressive rock: Genesis, King Crimson, Yes, Jethro Tull, Van
der Graaf, Banco and PFM were very popular. We were definitely not listening to
anything else, and at least me, Aldo and Dino just grew up eating bread and
Considering his past experience Massimo was much into classical and symphonic music.
I personally used to like heavy metal groups like Deep Purple, Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath at least until early 70ís, but with Emerson Lake & Palmer I began changing my taste and when I first heard GenesisÖI saw the light! Since then I only considered progressive rock.
Of course all these bands strongly influenced, and they still do it now, our creativity, and we all loved these groups so itís natural that some musical parts or arrangements remind one of these bands or another. But I donít see this as a problem, the essential aspect is that our personality must be prevailing, in order to avoid a simple copy.
7 - And now what kind of music do you like?
Thereís not too much fantasy in thisÖI
mostly listen to prog music, though I like Phil Collins very much. I must admit
that Phil is my favourite drummer, and I have some pictures of him near my drum
kit, as he could protect and inspire me!
Even Aldo is still into prog, while Massimo is always close to classical and symphonic music. Probably the one with the most varied taste is Roberto, but this is also due to his work, he has a recording studio and listens to everything. Franco is closer to classical rock.
But I think that when you hear the music you donít have to do anything else. To really appreciate what youíre listening you have to be concentrated on it. I usually have my radio turned on, but I never listen to it, because Iím always doing something else. Anyway the radio stations generally play trash music, soÖ.. If I want to play a record, I put my headphones on and concentrate on what Iím listening.
8 - Have you ever been offered to play abroad?
9 - What do you think of the interest by foreign fans in the Italian prog?
Itís true, the Italian prog is very popular
abroad, we noticed it when we recently took part in the Kalevala Project. The
idea came to the people behind the finnish magazine Colossus, and took to the
release of a 3-CD set based on their national epic poem, Kalevala.
The organizers contacted 30 groups from all the world and gave each of these a chapter of the poem to adapt in music. Well, among the 30 groups, no less than 13 were from Italy!
This does surely mean something, I think this musical style has more followers in Italy than in other countries so itís easier to find good quality productions.
Certainly the Italian prog has many fans in the Far East and in South America, and we also have our main reference markets in Japan, Korea, Hong Kong and Singapore. I canít really explain the reasons why this happens, maybe our language is more musical, at least in our case as we sing in Italian. I donít know, maybe abroad there are more people wanting to concentrate for 15 or 16 minutes on a musical track, maybe the Italian prog gives particular emotions, who knowsÖ.
Anyway, Iím glad there are people like this, searching for a music with strong contents and meanings, maybe thereís not so much stupidity around as we think!
10 - How are your compositions made?
We basically work as a team, one of us comes
with an idea and we all work on it. After the main structure is laid, we work on
the single parts, and there can be Aldo suggesting me a certain rhythm pattern
or Roberto working with Franco on the bass part. Everyone has to be convinced of
both his own part and the overall track.
Along with the musical background we start working on the lyrics, the words are based on the melodic structure, so usually the lyrics follow the music but sometime we adapted old words that have to be changed to fit the music.
The final aspect is the overall harmony and musicality of the whole track, taking care of the small details and single notes.
Of course this way of working takes much time, even because our tracks are often 15 minutes long or more, and in the end you can notice they sound much different than when they were first conceived, but the most important goal is that we are all satisfied of the final result.
Sometimes three of us have three different tunes and we mix them into a single track. Obviously, in progressive music you can have totally different parts in a single track, this is one of the peculiar aspects of this music.
For copyright reasons all the music is credited to Roberto, and since the next CD Iím the lyricist, but this is really always a team work.
11 - In 2001 Franco Fava replaced Dino Fiore on bass. How come did you prefer a seasoned musician to a younger one?
Not particular reasons. We met Franco and we
liked him. You know, me and Aldo are 48, and Massimo 47 years old, so thereís
much more affinity with a ďkidĒ of 54 rather than with a 20 years old guy.
The first thing for us is our friendship, and itís easier to find at ease with
someone that belongs to our generation than with a younger one that could be one
of our sons!
Itís just a question of feeling, we tried another bassist of our age before Franco, but there was no feeling!
12 - Any anticipations on the new album?
It should be out in a few weeks, itís entitled
Quintessenza, where Quint is for our fifth album [ďquintoĒ
in Italian] and represents the passing time, while Essenza, is the
Essence of Castello di Atlante, the friendship and the experiences we lived
together, all the things kept together by our music. Once again Il Castello di
Atlante is one of the constant elements of our life.
On the graphic side, we represented the two elements [Quint-Essenza] using black and white, to strengthen the meaning of the composite word.
The album includes five tracks for a total length of 46 minutes, itís not a long album, but we didnít want to repeat what happened with Come il seguitare delle stagioni where the vinyl version had to contain a track less than the CD.
The songs are:
Non puoi fingere (You canít pretend)
In todayís world the main thing is to make money. A good career gives the opportunity to earn more money, and undoubtedly money makes life easier. For this reason people make many things for their career, when they live for their work, and one of this is pretend. You can pretend with the others, with your colleagues, with your boss, but not with yourself.
There comes a time when, if you have a small sensibility, you realise you canít pretend anymore.
Ilmarinen forgia il Sampo (Ilmarinen forges the Sampo)
This is the track included in the Kalevala project, about the finnish national poem. As I already said the friends from the finnish magazine Colossus contacted 30 foreign groups, asking them to put into music a chapter of the poem, thatís about the life of the blacksmith Ilmarinen. We had to work on the 10th chapter, thatís entitled Ilmarinen forges the sampo (a magical instrument). We really found at ease in the magic atmosphere that surrounds the poem characters.
Il tempo a venire (The time to come)
A track written for a woman who was in a very hard time of her life. She had lots of problems with her man and decided to divorce. Then she decided to take a new path in her life, long and difficult, but this has been a wise choice, because sheís now smiling again, so the time to come has been much better.
Cavalcando tra le nuvole (Riding in the clouds)
Instrumental Ė When youíre with your friends and play your music, you think youíre touching the sky with a finger!
Questo destino (This destiny)
Unfortunately there are things we canít control. When these things happen you feel guilty if youíve been lucky and other people, especially the people you love, havenít had the same luck. So you write a song and put in it everything you feel. Maybe thatís not too much, but itís something, a small support to hold you when everything else falls. Il Castello represents to us this support.
To close the album thereís a reprise of Il tempo a venire, that we felt was a very good closing theme, given its majesty.
13 - The last question, what else can you say on Il Castello di Atlante?
After 30 years spent together I could write an
encyclopaedia on Il Castello di Atlante. The main thing is that weíre friend
that have in common a great interest for music, we could play chess or with
aircraft modelling or something else, and it would have been the same. Weíre
grown together, we shared good and bad times. We cried for lost loved friends
and shared the joy when our sons were born.
Il Castello di Atlante does really exist, itís not just the name of a group, itís our studio, where we arrive with a rucksack full of thoughts and concerns, leave it out of the door, and get in. Inside thereís just us and our music, and weíre fine. And when we go out, we take the rucksack on our shoulders again, but I can say for sure itís much lighter!! I would surely be a different man if I hadnít met these four friends, because weíre real friends!
Click on pictures to enlarge
Castello di Atlante have their own website at http://www.ilcastellodiatlante.com
Thanks to drummer Paolo Ferrarotti for the extensive interview and pictures, information and support