Maurizio Masla (vocals)
Franco Fabbri (guitar, vocals)
Luca Piscicelli (guitar, vocals)
Fausto Martinetti (keyboards)
Alberto Santagostino (bass)
Antonio Zanuso (drums)

Franco Fabbri (guitar, vocals)
Claudio Rocchi (bass, vocals)
Luca Piscicelli (guitar, bass, vocals)
Antonio Zanuso (drums)

Rocchi quits, replaced by
Massimo Villa (bass)

Franco Fabbri (guitar, vocals)
Umberto Fiori (guitar, vocals)
Carlo De Martini (sax, violin)
Tommaso Leddi (violin, mandolin, balalajka, guitar)
Luca Piscicelli (bass, vocals)
Antonio Zanuso (drums)
+Giorgio Albani (sound engineer)

Zanuso replaced by
Salvatore Garau (drums)

Umberto Fiori (vocals)
Franco Fabbri (guitar, vibraphone, trombone, vocals)
Carlo De Martini (violin)
Tommaso Leddi (violin, mandolin, guitar, alto sax)
Renato Rivolta (soprano sax)
Pino Martini (bass)
Salvatore Garau (drums)
+ Giorgio Albani (sound engineer)

De Martini and Rivolta quit, enter:
Leonardo Schiavone (clarinet)
+ Georgie Born (cello) on recordings (Macchina Maccheronica) and selected tours

Schiavone replaced by 
Stefano Barbaglia (clarinet)

Umberto Fiori (vocals)
Franco Fabbri (guitar, synth guitar, vocals)
Tommaso Leddi (keyboards, guitar)
Pino Martini (bass)
Salvatore Garau (drums)
+ Giorgio Albani (sound engineer)

1993 re-union lineup 
Umberto Fiori (vocals)
Franco Fabbri (guitar, synth guitar, vocals)
Carlo De Martini (violin)
Tommaso Leddi (keyboards, violin, balalajka, guitar)
Pino Martini (bass)
Salvatore Garau (drums)
+ Giorgio Albani (sound engineer)

Not many progressive music collectors are aware that Stormy Six released some very interesting and original works in that style, the group having long been associated with the left-wing political and protest songs of their first albums.
Stormy Six began as a beat band in the 60's in Milan, and they even supported the Rolling Stones during their first Italian tour. 
Their first album, named Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani by their record company, is a good example of the genre, with even some light psych influences like in the instrumental Schalplattengesellschaft mbh, bass player Claudio Rocchi being the most interested in psychedelia. He was in fact the first to leave the band to pursue a solo career.

Second album L'unità saw the group reduced to a quartet, with bassist Massimo Villa replacing Rocchi, and keyboardist Martinetti leaving during the recording sessions, though he appeared on some tracks only. The sound was now strongly inspired by the then popular West-Coast style, yet it contained some rock-inspired moments like in the long Suite per F & F with good instrumental parts by Ricky Belloni (then with Il Pacco and later in Nuova Idea) and sax player Claudio Fasoli from Perigeo.

In the third album, Guarda giù dalla pianura, dealing more strongly with protest songs, the Woody Guthrie influence was evident in the cover versions' choice, and the band was now a constant presence in left-wing movements concerts and festivals.

Their 1975 album Un biglietto del tram was the first proper original Stormy Six album, a highly rated album in Italy at the time and with strong political contents. 
Released on the newly born independent label L'Orchestra (in which the band members had a leading role), it was a concept album, based on some events from the last years of World War II in Italy and the Resistance movement against nazis, the album contained an original blend of folk and prog sounds and interesting lyrics. Songs like Stalingrado or Dante Di Nanni (the name of a victim of nazis) have always been in the band's concerts in later years.

In 1976 a revised line-up produced the instrumental Cliché, conceived as a soundtrack for a theatre piece and with help from jazz players Guido Mazzon and Tony Rusconi, and a year later L'apprendista, one of their best works ever. 
A real prog gem, the album had complex rhythm changes in the best tradition of this style (some comparison are possible with Gentle Giant), yet retaining a very original mood, with a perfect use of any kind of instruments and multivocal parts. 

At the end of the 70's the band had prolific collaboration with foreign artists and Stormy Six were one of the five founder members (along with Henry Cow from UK, Univers Zero from Belgium, Etron Fou Leloublan from France and Samla Mammas Manna from Sweden) of the RIO-Rock In Opposition international movement, that gave them the opportunity to play all over Europe.

Next album in 1980, Macchina maccheronica, that also becomes the name of the band in some concerts, a varied album in the best RIO tradition with some very good tracks mixed with odd short songs and crazy rhythms, even a waltz! Last chapter in this long story Al volo, in 1982, still a good album that reveals 80's electropop influences added to the typical Stormy Six sound. 

In 1984 some of the band members also collaborated with German group Cassiber, releasing some recordings together with the name of Cassix on the English Recommended Records label. Cassix line-up included Umberto Fiori (vocals), Franco Fabbri (guitar), Heiner Goebbels (keyboards) Alfred Harth (sax), Pino Martini (bass), Chris Cutler (drums).

Guitarist Franco Fabbri has written many books on music and had long collaborations with various avantgarde music and theatre groups, the others have had many other musical experiences after the band split.
The band reunited in 1993 for a concert that's been released on the nice Un concerto CD.

In the summer 2013 a new line-up of Stormy Six featuring Umberto Fiori, Tommaso Leddi, Salvatore Garau, Carlo de Martini along with Archimede De Martini (bass, violin) and Francesco Zago (guitars) represented a performance entitled Benvenuti nel ghetto, dedicated to the Warsaw ghetto uprising, with original music and the narrating voice of Moni Ovadia. A CD with DVD taken from this show has been issued at the end of the same year.




Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani First (FR 50001)
Ariston (AR/LP 10035)
1969 gatefold textured cover with First logo, some also had a First sticker on the back - black/silver label - probably issued on First and later on Ariston - standard version has 13 tracks, but an 11-track issue exists
  On Sale Music (64 OMSLP 009) 2021 reissue of the above with gatefold cover
L'unità First (FR 50050) 1972 gatefold cover - exists with both black/silver and black/yellow label - released in 1972 though the label carries the date 11/71
  Ariston/Oxford (OX 3062) 1978 reissue of the above with single cover
Guarda giù dalla pianura Ariston (AR/LP 12114) 1974 gatefold cover - beige Gnomo label - released in 1974 though the label carries the date 11/73
Un biglietto del tram L'Orchestra (OLP 10001) 1975 single cover with lyric inner -custom label
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 096 LP) 2012 reissue of the above
Canti della rivoluzione nel mondo Ariston/Super Oscar (SPO 579) 1975 reissue of Guarda giù dalla pianura with different cover
  Ariston/Oxford (OX 3017) 1976 new reissue with another cover
Cliché L'Orchestra (OLP 10010) 1976 single cover with inner - custom label
L'apprendista L'Orchestra (OLP 10012) 1977 single cover with inner
Macchina maccheronica L'Orchestra (OLPS 55009) 1980 gatefold cover with booklet
Al volo L'Orchestra (MILP 70001) 1982 single cover with inner

Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani Vinyl Magic (VM 042) 1994 reissue of 1969 album
L'unità Vinyl Magic (VM 049) 1995 reissue of 1971 album
Un concerto Arpa/Sensible (SSB 004) 1995 1993 reunion concert
Un biglietto del tram Fonit Cetra (CDM 2112) 1996 reissue of 1975 album - now deleted
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 096 CD) 2004 as above with mini gatefold cover
  Gruppo Ed.L’Espresso (16) 2015 as above with mini-LP gatefold cover – no.16 in the “Progressive Rock Italiano" series
Al volo Fonit Cetra (CDM 2113) 1996 reissue of 1982 album - now deleted
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 144 CD) 2009 new reissue with mini-LP gatefold cover
L'apprendista Fonit Cetra (CDM 2125) 1996 reissue of 1977 album - now deleted
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 107 CD) 2004 as above with mini gatefold cover
Macchina maccheronica Fonit Cetra (CDM 2126) 1996 reissue of 1980 album - now deleted
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 106 CD) 2004 as above with mini gatefold cover and 2 booklets
Cliché + Pinocchio bazaar Warner/Fonit (CDM 2132) 1998 reissue of 1976 album + extra tracks - now deleted
  BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 140 CD) 2009 new reissue with mini-LP gatefold cover
Megafono Diva (DVCD 9801) 1999 2 CD - 1976-82 live recordings
Benvenuti nel ghetto BTF/Vinyl Magic (VM 156CD) 2013 CD+DVD - mini-LP cover in rectangular slipcase - credited to "Stormy Six & Moni Ovadia"

Al Festival Pop Viareggio 1971
(with La manifestazione)
Ariston (AR/LP 12053) 1971 single cover compilation - also includes Nuova Idea and I Top 4
Recommended records sampler
(with Reparto novità)
Recommended (RR 8/9) - UK 1982 UK-only 2LP release - Recommended records sampler - plastic bag with inserts
also includes Picchio dal Pozzo.
The Stormy Six track, Reparto novità, is the single version.
Ricorda con rabbia
(with Il mondo è pieno di gente)
Toast (TDLP 862) 1989 clear vinyl compilation - also includes eleven other Italian beat artists
Beat pop
(with Rossella, Leone, La luna è stanca,  Lodi, Il venditore di fumo, Alice nel vento, Nicola fa il maestro di scuola, Sotto il bam-bù)
Vinyl Magic (VM 058) 1993 CD compilation - also includes Equipe 84, Ragazzi del Sole, Corvi
Magic bitpop n.7
(with All or nothing, Il mondo è pieno di gente)
On Sale (52 OSM 019) 1997 CD compilation - also includes eight other beat artists
Magic bitpop n.16
(with Lui verrà, L'amico e il fico)
On Sale (52 OSM 041) 1999 CD compilation - also includes nine other beat artists

(with picture sleeve)
Oggi piango
Il mondo è pieno di gente
Mini (BB 2001) 1967 both unreleased tracks
Lui verrà
L'amico e il fico
Mini (BB 2006) 1967 side A also on Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani in a re-recorded version
La luna è stanca
First (FR 5007) 1970 both unreleased tracks
Alice nel vento
Il venditore di fumo
First (FR 5010) 1970 both unreleased tracks
First (FR 5053) 1971 both unreleased tracks
Tre fratelli contadini di Venosa
First (FR 5056) 1972 both tracks from L'unità - probably only issued as a promo with blank cover
Sotto il bambù
Nicola fa il maestro di scuola
First (FR 5057) 1972 both unreleased tracks
L'Orchestra (ONP 1001) 1976 beige label
side A from Cliché, side B also on L'apprendista, here in a different instrumental version
Cosa danno
Reparto novità
L'Orchestra (OLPN 803) 1981 both tracks also on Al volo, but in re-recorded version

(with white label and cover except where noted)
Lui verrà Mini/RT Club (BB 2006/RT 1539) 1967 juke box single, backed with Le Anime / L'amore tornerà
Alice nel vento First/Jet (FR 5010) 1970 juke box single, backed with Laurent/ Les elephants
Sotto il bambù First/Ariston (FR 5057) 1972 juke box single, backed with Ornella Vanoni/ Che barba amore mio
PCI promo EP
(with La Birindelleide)
PCI (EP 45) 1972 promotional EP with red cover, also includes Anna Identici/Era bello il mio ragazzo and two tracks, Quando s'era diplomato and La ballata della DC credited to Stormy Six but not played by them
Cosa danno
L'Orchestra/Goody Music (JB 66) 1981 juke box single, backed with Change / Paradise


CASSIX (Cassiber + Stormy Six)

The Re Records Quarterly Vol 1 No.3
(with Coste, Religion, The Stanislavsky method, Tempo di pace, Bari, Copy machine, Finta di nulla)
Recommended Records (Re 0103) - UK 1986 also featuring other artists' tracks. Cassix have seven short cuts.
The ReR Quarterly Collection, Vol 1 ReR (QCD1) - UK 1991 CD compilation featuring the above tracks




All the Stormy Six albums are rather common, except for their first three. The albums by L'Orchestra were commonly also sold by bookshops and in political events during the 70's and have been released in large quantities.

The first album Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani, is by far their rarest item; it was chosen to launch the short-lived Ariston "young" subsidiary First; as it was often the case with Ariston, it also came out on the head label at the same time or slightly later. 
Both issues had the same heavy gatefold sleeve with the First logo, some copies also carried a First logo sticker on the back cover.
The album had all the tracks connected, and initially had no separation grooves on the vinyl, according to Franco Fabbri in his
Album bianco book (see Books section for details), it was re-released with separated tracks to allow an easier airplay.
The standard edition of the record contains 13 tracks, but a different pressing, with 11 tracks in different order (without Forse and Schalplattengesellschaft mbh) was released in the same cover as the original (see picture below).

The album had its first vinyl reissue in 2021 on the On Sale Music label.

L'unità was first released with a gatefold cover on the First label, early copies came with the old black/silver label, soon replaced by the black/yellow 70's design. The new label also contained the "Produzione Gnomo" writing like the contemporary alternative releases on Ariston. A later issue on the Oxford budget price series had the same cover but was not gatefold.
A track from this album, La manifestazione, was also included in the Al Festival Pop di Viareggio compilation in an different, longer version (it was originally a demo), featuring Eugenio Finardi and Alberto Camerini.

Guarda giù dalla pianura was reissued with the new title Canti della rivoluzione del mondo and new artwork on the budget price Ariston series Super Oscar and Oxford, both still easy to find.

Un biglietto del tram, the first LP on L'Orchestra and probably their bestseller, was reissued many times, following the various changes in distribution that the label had. Originals had the side title in white letters and Ariston distribution credit on back cover.

Macchina maccheronica contained an A5 16-page brown booklet with lyrics and drawings, and some early copies also contained a promotional tour poster. 
It was also sold in Germany (these were Italian imported copies, some had a distributor's sticker on the cover) with a second booklet (black cover - A5 format - 16 pages) with German lyric translation and different drawings plus a b/w picture of the band.

An east German compilation on Amiga label (no. 8 45 175), entitled Alternative was released in 1980, and was credited to the group Macchina Maccheronica.

Among the Stormy Six rarities, a mention is deserved for a rare promotional EP released by PCI (Partito Comunista Italiano, Italian Communist Party) around 1972 and containing an unreleased track by the group, La Birindelleide, dedicated to Admiral Birindelli, who had become at the time a Member of Parliament in the right wing party MSI. Two other songs on the single were credited to Stormy Six but not played by them, and it also included a popular Anna Identici song. A similar single has been released by Equipe 84 for the PSI (Partito Socialista Italiano, Italian Socialist Party) in 1975.

Around 1973 Stormy Six collaborated with Milan's Student Movement for some singles produced by the movement's own label: the first one was a four-track EP with two songs, Dimitrov and Palestina performed by the group (the other songs are I padroni possono perdere la testa and Come Yu Kung rimosse le montagne, 003), the second was a single credited to Commissione Artistica del Movimento Studentesco Milanese that contains Compagno Franceschi and E se il nemico attacca (contro ogni opportunismo), 004. A third single credited to Movimento Studentesco Milano contained two songs written by Umberto Fiori, Chi ha ucciso Saltarelli? and Un bel discorso fine e antifascista and Franco Fabbri may have played on it.

No counterfeits nor other foreign issues exist.




Le idee di oggi per la musica di domani - LP and three different labels, First standard (13 tracks), First alternate version (11 tracks in different order), Ariston.


L'unità - LP and label (two different versions)

Guarda giù dalla pianura - LP

Canto della rivoluzione nel mondo (reissue of Guarda giù dalla pianura) - LP

Un biglietto del tram - LP

Cliché - LP

L'apprendista - LP

Macchina maccheronica - LP

Macchina maccheronica - promo poster and booklets

Alternative - East German compliation LP front cover

Al volo - LP

Oggi piango 7" single 

Lui verrà 7" single 

La luna è stanca 7" single 

Alice nel vento 7" single 

Rossella 7" single 

Sotto il bam-bù 7" single 

1789 7" single 

Cosa danno 7" single 

Un concerto and Megafono live CD's

Stormy Six & Moni Ovadia / Benvenuti nel ghetto - CD+DVD
PCI promo 7" EP 
Movimento Studentesco - EP Movimento Studentesco/Compagno Franceschi - 7" single



Guitarist Franco Fabbri has written a sort of autobiography, Album bianco (see the Books section for details), that offers a very interesting view on the Italian 60's and 70's rock scene.
Fabbri also has an Internet website at, which also contains information on L'Orchestra.



Many thanks to Franco Fabbri for friendly help and plenty of information.

Also thanks to Alessandro Pomponi from Rockground, Fabiano Petrone, Peppe Carrese and Ubaldo Cibei (Franco), Luciano Fassa, Claudio Bellanti for some information and scans in this page.